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inet_net_pton.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2004 by Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
 * Copyright (c) 1996,1999 by Internet Software Consortium.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 *
 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
 * WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
 * WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
 * ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT
 * OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 */

#include "setup.h"


#include <sys/types.h>

#if defined(WIN32) && !defined(WATT32)
#include "nameser.h"
#else

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#include <netinet/in.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ARPA_NAMESER_H
#include <arpa/nameser.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ARPA_INET_H
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif

#endif

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "ares_ipv6.h"
#include "inet_net_pton.h"

#if !defined(HAVE_INET_NET_PTON) || !defined(HAVE_INET_NET_PTON_IPV6) || \
    !defined(HAVE_INET_PTON) || !defined(HAVE_INET_PTON_IPV6)

/*
 * static int
 * inet_net_pton_ipv4(src, dst, size)
 *      convert IPv4 network number from presentation to network format.
 *      accepts hex octets, hex strings, decimal octets, and /CIDR.
 *      "size" is in bytes and describes "dst".
 * return:
 *      number of bits, either imputed classfully or specified with /CIDR,
 *      or -1 if some failure occurred (check errno).  ENOENT means it was
 *      not an IPv4 network specification.
 * note:
 *      network byte order assumed.  this means 192.5.5.240/28 has
 *      0b11110000 in its fourth octet.
 * author:
 *      Paul Vixie (ISC), June 1996
 */
static int
inet_net_pton_ipv4(const char *src, unsigned char *dst, size_t size)
{
  static const char xdigits[] = "0123456789abcdef";
  static const char digits[] = "0123456789";
  int n, ch, tmp = 0, dirty, bits;
  const unsigned char *odst = dst;

  ch = *src++;
  if (ch == '0' && (src[0] == 'x' || src[0] == 'X')
      && isascii((unsigned char)(src[1]))
      && isxdigit((unsigned char)(src[1]))) {
    /* Hexadecimal: Eat nybble string. */
    if (size <= 0U)
      goto emsgsize;
    dirty = 0;
    src++;  /* skip x or X. */
    while ((ch = *src++) != '\0' && isascii(ch) && isxdigit(ch)) {
      if (isupper(ch))
        ch = tolower(ch);
      n = (int)(strchr(xdigits, ch) - xdigits);
      if (dirty == 0)
        tmp = n;
      else
        tmp = (tmp << 4) | n;
      if (++dirty == 2) {
        if (size-- <= 0U)
          goto emsgsize;
        *dst++ = (unsigned char) tmp;
        dirty = 0;
      }
    }
    if (dirty) {  /* Odd trailing nybble? */
      if (size-- <= 0U)
        goto emsgsize;
      *dst++ = (unsigned char) (tmp << 4);
    }
  } else if (isascii(ch) && isdigit(ch)) {
    /* Decimal: eat dotted digit string. */
    for (;;) {
      tmp = 0;
      do {
        n = (int)(strchr(digits, ch) - digits);
        tmp *= 10;
        tmp += n;
        if (tmp > 255)
          goto enoent;
      } while ((ch = *src++) != '\0' &&
               isascii(ch) && isdigit(ch));
      if (size-- <= 0U)
        goto emsgsize;
      *dst++ = (unsigned char) tmp;
      if (ch == '\0' || ch == '/')
        break;
      if (ch != '.')
        goto enoent;
      ch = *src++;
      if (!isascii(ch) || !isdigit(ch))
        goto enoent;
    }
  } else
    goto enoent;

  bits = -1;
  if (ch == '/' && isascii((unsigned char)(src[0])) &&
      isdigit((unsigned char)(src[0])) && dst > odst) {
    /* CIDR width specifier.  Nothing can follow it. */
    ch = *src++;    /* Skip over the /. */
    bits = 0;
    do {
      n = (int)(strchr(digits, ch) - digits);
      bits *= 10;
      bits += n;
    } while ((ch = *src++) != '\0' && isascii(ch) && isdigit(ch));
    if (ch != '\0')
      goto enoent;
    if (bits > 32)
      goto emsgsize;
  }

  /* Firey death and destruction unless we prefetched EOS. */
  if (ch != '\0')
    goto enoent;

  /* If nothing was written to the destination, we found no address. */
  if (dst == odst)
    goto enoent;
  /* If no CIDR spec was given, infer width from net class. */
  if (bits == -1) {
    if (*odst >= 240)       /* Class E */
      bits = 32;
    else if (*odst >= 224)  /* Class D */
      bits = 8;
    else if (*odst >= 192)  /* Class C */
      bits = 24;
    else if (*odst >= 128)  /* Class B */
      bits = 16;
    else                    /* Class A */
      bits = 8;
    /* If imputed mask is narrower than specified octets, widen. */
    if (bits < ((dst - odst) * 8))
      bits = (int)(dst - odst) * 8;
    /*
     * If there are no additional bits specified for a class D
     * address adjust bits to 4.
     */
    if (bits == 8 && *odst == 224)
      bits = 4;
  }
  /* Extend network to cover the actual mask. */
  while (bits > ((dst - odst) * 8)) {
    if (size-- <= 0U)
      goto emsgsize;
    *dst++ = '\0';
  }
  return (bits);

  enoent:
  errno = ENOENT;
  return (-1);

  emsgsize:
  errno = EMSGSIZE;
  return (-1);
}

static int
getbits(const char *src, int *bitsp)
{
  static const char digits[] = "0123456789";
  int n;
  int val;
  char ch;

  val = 0;
  n = 0;
  while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
    const char *pch;

    pch = strchr(digits, ch);
    if (pch != NULL) {
      if (n++ != 0 && val == 0)       /* no leading zeros */
        return (0);
      val *= 10;
      val += (pch - digits);
      if (val > 128)                  /* range */
        return (0);
      continue;
    }
    return (0);
  }
  if (n == 0)
    return (0);
  *bitsp = val;
  return (1);
}

static int
getv4(const char *src, unsigned char *dst, int *bitsp)
{
  static const char digits[] = "0123456789";
  unsigned char *odst = dst;
  int n;
  unsigned int val;
  char ch;

  val = 0;
  n = 0;
  while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
    const char *pch;

    pch = strchr(digits, ch);
    if (pch != NULL) {
      if (n++ != 0 && val == 0)       /* no leading zeros */
        return (0);
      val *= 10;
      val += (pch - digits);
      if (val > 255)                  /* range */
        return (0);
      continue;
    }
    if (ch == '.' || ch == '/') {
      if (dst - odst > 3)             /* too many octets? */
        return (0);
      *dst++ = val;
      if (ch == '/')
        return (getbits(src, bitsp));
      val = 0;
      n = 0;
      continue;
    }
    return (0);
  }
  if (n == 0)
    return (0);
  if (dst - odst > 3)             /* too many octets? */
    return (0);
  *dst++ = val;
  return (1);
}

static int
inet_net_pton_ipv6(const char *src, unsigned char *dst, size_t size)
{
  static const char xdigits_l[] = "0123456789abcdef",
    xdigits_u[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
  unsigned char tmp[NS_IN6ADDRSZ], *tp, *endp, *colonp;
  const char *xdigits, *curtok;
  int ch, saw_xdigit;
  unsigned int val;
  int digits;
  int bits;
  size_t bytes;
  int words;
  int ipv4;

  memset((tp = tmp), '\0', NS_IN6ADDRSZ);
  endp = tp + NS_IN6ADDRSZ;
  colonp = NULL;
  /* Leading :: requires some special handling. */
  if (*src == ':')
    if (*++src != ':')
      goto enoent;
  curtok = src;
  saw_xdigit = 0;
  val = 0;
  digits = 0;
  bits = -1;
  ipv4 = 0;
  while ((ch = *src++) != '\0') {
    const char *pch;

    if ((pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_l), ch)) == NULL)
      pch = strchr((xdigits = xdigits_u), ch);
    if (pch != NULL) {
      val <<= 4;
      val |= (pch - xdigits);
      if (++digits > 4)
        goto enoent;
      saw_xdigit = 1;
      continue;
    }
    if (ch == ':') {
      curtok = src;
      if (!saw_xdigit) {
        if (colonp)
          goto enoent;
        colonp = tp;
        continue;
      } else if (*src == '\0')
        goto enoent;
      if (tp + NS_INT16SZ > endp)
        return (0);
      *tp++ = (unsigned char) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
      *tp++ = (unsigned char) val & 0xff;
      saw_xdigit = 0;
      digits = 0;
      val = 0;
      continue;
    }
    if (ch == '.' && ((tp + NS_INADDRSZ) <= endp) &&
        getv4(curtok, tp, &bits) > 0) {
      tp += NS_INADDRSZ;
      saw_xdigit = 0;
      ipv4 = 1;
      break;  /* '\0' was seen by inet_pton4(). */
    }
    if (ch == '/' && getbits(src, &bits) > 0)
      break;
    goto enoent;
  }
  if (saw_xdigit) {
    if (tp + NS_INT16SZ > endp)
      goto enoent;
    *tp++ = (unsigned char) (val >> 8) & 0xff;
    *tp++ = (unsigned char) val & 0xff;
  }
  if (bits == -1)
    bits = 128;

  words = (bits + 15) / 16;
  if (words < 2)
    words = 2;
  if (ipv4)
    words = 8;
  endp =  tmp + 2 * words;

  if (colonp != NULL) {
    /*
     * Since some memmove()'s erroneously fail to handle
     * overlapping regions, we'll do the shift by hand.
     */
    const int n = (int)(tp - colonp);
    int i;

    if (tp == endp)
      goto enoent;
    for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
      endp[- i] = colonp[n - i];
      colonp[n - i] = 0;
    }
    tp = endp;
  }
  if (tp != endp)
    goto enoent;

  bytes = (bits + 7) / 8;
  if (bytes > size)
    goto emsgsize;
  memcpy(dst, tmp, bytes);
  return (bits);

  enoent:
  errno = ENOENT;
  return (-1);

  emsgsize:
  errno = EMSGSIZE;
  return (-1);
}

/*
 * int
 * inet_net_pton(af, src, dst, size)
 *      convert network number from presentation to network format.
 *      accepts hex octets, hex strings, decimal octets, and /CIDR.
 *      "size" is in bytes and describes "dst".
 * return:
 *      number of bits, either imputed classfully or specified with /CIDR,
 *      or -1 if some failure occurred (check errno).  ENOENT means it was
 *      not a valid network specification.
 * author:
 *      Paul Vixie (ISC), June 1996
 */
int
ares_inet_net_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst, size_t size)
{
  switch (af) {
  case AF_INET:
    return (inet_net_pton_ipv4(src, dst, size));
  case AF_INET6:
    return (inet_net_pton_ipv6(src, dst, size));
  default:
    errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
    return (-1);
  }
}

#endif

#if !defined(HAVE_INET_PTON) || !defined(HAVE_INET_PTON_IPV6)
int ares_inet_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst)
{
  int size, result;

  if (af == AF_INET)
    size = sizeof(struct in_addr);
  else if (af == AF_INET6)
    size = sizeof(struct in6_addr);
  else
  {
    errno = EAFNOSUPPORT;
    return -1;
  }
  result = ares_inet_net_pton(af, src, dst, size);
  if (result == -1 && errno == ENOENT)
    return 0;
  return (result > -1 ? 1 : -1);
}
#endif

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